What is Pre Menstrual Syndrome?


tpmPremenstrual Syndrome (PMS), characterized by the set of sensations that occur about 10 days before the menstrual cycle. According to the Ministry of Health, PMS affects 70% of Brazilian women. Not all women suffer from PMS, who can also appear in different degrees. If the TPM is bothering you and disrupting your daily activities, seek medical help.

 

Type

Not all women experience the same symptoms during PMS. So many sensations medicine separated premenstrual tension in five different types, which may occur separately or simultaneously in women. Meet them all:

The TPM

TPM type A is related with anxiety. The fall of the hormone estrogen, which helps to lower stress, and increased release of adrenaline and cortisol, double that contributes to stress. The main symptoms are:

  • Anxiety
  • voltage
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Irritability
  • Mood

In some cases the woman may also feel more careless and clumsy, dropping things, banging into objects.

TPM C

PMS type C is mainly related to binge eating. It gets the classification C because it comes from English craving , which means desire. If during menstruation or before you prefer the more fatty restaurants or attacks the chocolate that is in the closet, this is your kind of TPM.

The symptoms that fit the TPM C are:

  • Compulsion by sweet or savory
  • Will eating treats or different foods

Headaches

This TPM is related to the reward mechanisms we have in the brain. When you eat a food rich in sugar or fat, some areas in your brain are activated, giving the feeling of pleasure. As during PMS hormones are altered, this mechanism can generate an overreaction, causing a feeling of even greater pleasure.

TPM D

Premenstrual tension type D is related to depressive symptoms. The main signs of this TPM are:

  • no reason Anger
  • disturbing feelings
  • Low concentration
  • Memory Lapses
  • Low self-esteem
  • violent feelings

These sensations are usually caused by the reduction of serotonin and exaggerated response that the body can take before the normal hormone fluctuations of the period.

TPM H

PMS type H has this name because it is related to the word “hydration.” The TPM H is mainly related to fluid retention and its consequences. People who have PMS type H feel:

  • Weight gain (because of fluid retention)
  • Abdominal swelling
  • sensitivity and swelling in the breasts
  • Swelling in the extremities of the body such as hands and feet

The TPM

There are other less common symptoms that may also be related to PMS. These symptoms were grouped and classified as PMS type O – referring to “other” symptoms. Among them are:

  • Change in bowel habits
  • Increased frequency urinating
  • Hot flushes or cold sweats
  • generalized pain, including cramps
  • Nausea
  • Acne
  • Allergic reactions
  • respiratory tract infections

Causes

For about 28 days, the woman’s body undergoes many changes that prepare the uterus to receive a baby. In the first 14 days is the ovulation period, and with it the rise in estrogen levels. This hormone is the one responsible for controlling our well-being. For the next 14 days, the wall of the uterus begins to thicken, as if preparing a “bed” for possible baby. In this phase there is a drop in the levels of estrogen and progesterone rise in rates.

This change, when very sharp, can already cause a number of symptoms such as anxiety, mood changes, pain in the breasts and many other known women. After these 14 days, the endometrium – the uterus wall – starts to flake off and be eliminated in the form of menstruation, causing her another hormone drop, this time in progesterone and estrogen. Therefore in some women symptoms can be even more severe during menstruation.

Thus, the TPM is characterized as all these symptoms that can occur before and during menstruation, caused by the sharp drop in estrogen and progesterone levels.

 

Risk Factors

  • Among the factors that increase the risk of TPM are:
  • TPM Family history
  • Age, and the symptoms become more common with aging
  • Anxiety, depression or other mental health problems
  • Sedentary
  • Stress
  • A diet low in vitamin B6, calcium, or magnesium
  • High caffeine intake

Symptoms

PMS Symptoms

Symptoms may vary from person to person and also from cycle to cycle. Among the symptoms of PMS are:

  • Anxiety
  • Voltage
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Irritability
  • Mood
  • Inattention, making the woman knock things over and hit objects
  • Compulsion by sweet or savory
  • Will eating treats or different foods
  • Headaches
  • no reason Anger
  • disturbing feelings
  • Low concentration
  • Memory Lapses
  • Low self-esteem
  • violent feelings
  • Weight gain (because of fluid retention)
  • Abdominal swelling
  • sensitivity and swelling in the breasts
  • Swelling in the extremities of the body such as hands and feet
  • Among the less common symptoms of PMS are:
  • Change in bowel habits
  • Increased frequency urinating
  • Hot flushes or cold sweats
  • generalized pain, including cramps
  • Nausea
  • Acne
  • Allergic reactions
  • respiratory tract infections